AkzoNobel, in collaboration with the Dutch Advanced Research Center Chemical Building Blocks Consortium (ARC CBBC) is conducting research that involves the development of a more sustainable way of making resins, which could pave the way for the introduction of futuristic functionality such as intelligent paint that uses controlled release of active ingredients, or the ability to add new functionality during the lifetime of a coating.
The process uses bio-based monomers to make resins, rather than the traditional oil-based method. Requiring just UV light, oxygen and renewable raw materials, patent applications have been filed for resins and coatings made with monomers from sugar derivatives isolated from biomass.
“There’s no doubt we’re on the verge of progressing to the next level of coatings technology, thanks to this fantastic example of collaborative innovation in action,” said Klaas Kruithof, AkzoNobel’s Chief Technology Officer. “We’re opening up a new future for paints and coatings by using sustainable building blocks that will enable us to explore and develop some really exciting functionalities for our customers.”
The process uses bio-based monomers to make the resins. Biomass is cracked by using acid to produce the sugar derivative (furfural). Using light and oxygen, and adding different alcohols, produces monomers that can be polymerised into polymers which are used in coatings; the monomers can also be used in coating formulations which are cured by UVA light.
AkzoNobel already produces many of its own resins, but in a bid to make the process more sustainable, the company has been working with the ARC CBBC, with most of this research taking place at the University of Groningen – where the team is led by professor in organic chemistry and Nobel Prize winner Ben Feringa, and PhD student George Hermens.
“Faced with the challenge of developing the sustainable chemistry of the future – a major goal of the ARC CBBC – I’m extremely pleased with these game-changing results,” said Feringa. “They show that a material for coatings can be produced from biomass using a sustainable chemical process.”
Having started in 2018, the research project is still at a relatively early stage and a lot of work lies ahead to optimise the monomers so they can be made in a more efficient way and on a larger scale. AkzoNobel says estimates suggest it could be around five years before the first products emerge.
“We’ve still got a long way to go in terms of exploring the scope of the technology, but it will almost certainly define the future of our products,” added Kruithof. “By 2040 or 2050, there’s also a good chance we might only be using bio-based monomers in our resin production, which will help us to reduce the overall carbon footprint of our products.”
AkzoNobel says the biomass breakthrough is the latest example of the progress it is making in its search for sustainable solutions, having adopted a ‘People. Planet. Paint.’ approach to sustainability.